Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Scientist meets publisher
Copyright and Author's Rights
This is for informational purposes only and is not legal advice.
Copyright is established in
Copyright Act and grants authors certain copyrights, sometimes called author's rights, to works they create. These include the right:
Copyright is automatic with creation of the work, though you can transfer your copyrights. Publishers usually ask for transfer of all copyrights through a Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA) in order to publish books or articles, but authors needn't transfer all of their copyrights for this to occur. The publisher really only needs the right to distribute. Authors should know the
Copyright Basics and should learn their rights and how to exercise them as well as consider using an addendum to preserve their author's rights.
Another alternative is to consider using a
Creative Commons License especially for items in open access journals or repositories. Creative Commons licensing does not replace copyright, it just lets others use works in certain ways, that author chooses, without them having to ask the author's permission first and encourages creativity, sharing, and innovation.
For more information, check out these links:
Digital Repositories are the primary means for collecting and displaying open access materials, at least green open access materials. They generally come in two varieties:
Institutional repositories - collect a university's scholarship. They are sometimes considered resources and sometimes services. For an overview of institutional repositories see Institutional Repositories, Tout de Suite by Charles W. Bailey, Jr. Open Uleth Scholarship (OPUS) is the University of Lethbridge's institutional repository.
Subject specific digital repositories - collect scholarship on a particular subject or group of subjects. arXiv.org, which collects math and science open access articles, is an example.
policies or mandates, or sometimes Mandated Open Access, refers to situations where authors are required to make their research available in an open access repository. Sometimes funding bodies require that any research resulting from grant funds be submitted to an open access repository. Federally funded research in the U.S., such as NIH granted research, has a mandate. Some universities also require authors to submit their articles to their institutional repository, for example MIT has a mandate. The University of Lethbridge does NOT currently have a mandate. SHERPA/JULIET provides a database of research funders and their open access policies that researchers may find helpful.