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International Management: Citing Business Sources

A University of Lethbridge Library guide to International Management research and resources.

Related Guides

Citing Government Information

Citing Business Sources (APA 7th ed.)

Some business resources are a little different to cite than your typical article or book. Here are a few 'special cases':

Some Notes about Business Sources

Some business sources require adaptations to APA's guidelines. A few principles used to create the examples on this page include:

  • If there is no title, put a description of the resource in square brackets.
  • Provide the name of the database and the url of of the database you retrieved the work from when it is necessary for readers to be able to retrieve the information from that database. For example, this would be necessary for a data set from Simmons but not from Business Source Complete.
  • As with 'regular' articles, there is no need to state 'Retrieved from' or the database name; instead, put the home page of the source (not the proxied URL in your browser, but simply the home page of the source site)

Press Release

Towson University. (2019, June 5). TU’s new brand is named ‘Best Rebrand Campaign' [Press Release].

Marketline Report

Marketline. (2019, September 25). Company profile: Comcast Corporation.

Nexis Uni: Hoover's Company Records - In-depth Records

Hoover's Inc. (2020, January 1). T. Rowe Price Group, Inc.; Hoover's company records - in-depth records.


Conway, J. (2019, January). Net sales of McCormick & Company Inc. worldwide from 2011 to 2018. Statista.

Annual Reports:

Shell Canada Inc. (2015). Shell Canada Inc. 2014 Annual Report.

(note that in most cases, the annual report is actually released in the new year; check filing dates on SEDAR or EDGAR)

Hudson's Bay Company. (2014). Hudson's Bay Company 2013 Annual Report.

Income Tax Act:

Income Tax Act, RSC 1985, c 1 (5th Supp.), s 18(1)(m)(iv).

(cite as a federal statute)

RSC = Revised Statutes of Canada

c = specific chapter number which statute has been assigned

s / ss = section/sections discussed ("pinpoint")


CICA Handbook (from Knotia):

International Accounting Standards Board. (2017). Leases: IAS 17. In International Financial Reporting Standards (2016).

Author: corporate author, found on copyright page of the work.
Date: of publication, found on copyright page, not the date included in the title.
Title: Standard title is not italicized, but title of larger work is italicized.
URL: publisher's URL, not database.

Tax/Budget Commentary (from Intelliconnect):

Wolters Kluwer. (2008). 2008 British Columbia Budget Commentary, Canadian Tax Reporter Commentary.


Source: some examples gratefully reused from Towson University Library:

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