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Archaeology -- Near Eastern and Egyptian: Encyclopedias & Dictionaries

Guide to Library resources available at the U. of Lethbridge Library related to Near Eastern and Egyptian Archaeology.

Specialized Encyclopedias & Reference Works

Examples of resources that provide background information relevant to Near Eastern & Egyptian Archaeology:

Reference Search

Archaeology in the Middle East: Overview

Serious archaeological inquiry in the Middle East began during the Renaissance when Europeans became interested in their Christian and classical roots.

The key sources for the Middle East's archaeological past, the Bible and Homer's Iliad, inspired gentlemen scholars, travelers, and, later, members of the various European diplomatic missions, to discover sites and decipher scripts that launched the newly developing discipline of archaeology. Their interest was the ancient world—the Islamic period was deemed too recent and not particularly relevant to European historical interests. Europeans collected statues, pottery, and tablets for the sake of knowledge and the glory of imperialism and shipped them back to European metropoles, often without permission of local authorities.

SOURCE: Simon, Reeva S. "Archaeology in the Middle East." Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. Ed. Philip Mattar. 2nd ed. Vol. 1. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2004. 275-280. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 26 Oct. 2016.

Howard Carter

Howard Carter, British archaeologist who excavated King Tut's tomb beginning in 1922.

"Howard Carter." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Vol. 20. Detroit: Gale, 2000. Biography in Context. Web.

Archaeology Dictionaries

Examples of resources that explain terminology used within the discipline:

General Encycopedias & Reference Works: Ancient History

Examples of resources that provide background information on a variety of general topics in ancient history: