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Chicago Citation Style, 17th Edition: Journal Article

A University of Lethbridge Library guide to Chicago Manual of Style citations.

Journal Article (14.168-14.187)

Example 1 – Print

N:         1. Jacalyn Duffin, "The Queen's Jews: Religion, Race, and Change in Twentieth-Century Canada," Canadian Journal of History 49, no. 3 (Winter 2014): 377-78.

B:   Duffin, Jacalyn. "The Queen's Jews: Religion, Race, and Change in Twentieth-Century
             Canada." Canadian Journal of History 49, no. 3 (Winter 2014): 369-94.


Example 2 – Electronic

N:         1. Jonathan Sullivan and Bettina Renz, "Representing China in the South Pacific," East Asia 29, no. 4 (December 2012): 380,

B:   Sullivan, Jonathan, and Bettina Renz. "Representing China in the South Pacific." East Asia 29, no. 4
             (December 2012): 377-90.


NOTE: If the article you're citing was authored by four or more people, list only the first first author in the note, followed by et al. All names should still be listed in the bibliography entry. See the Multiple Authors or Editors page of the Books section of this guide for an example. For articles with more than ten authors, include only the first seven in the bibliography, followed by et al.

DOI - Digital Object Identifier

DOI - Digital Object Identifier

Most scholarly publishers now assign a unique alpha-numeric code called a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) to journal articles, e-books, and other documents. Chicago guidelines for citing electronic resources include this number in the citation whenever possible. The DOI can generally be found on the first page of scholarly journal articles as well as in the database record for that article. DOIs are typically provided within a URL beginning with and ending with the DOI, as seen in this example:

If the DOI does not appear on the article or in the database record, it may be found by entering citation information into the free DOI Lookup on

To determine DOIs for an entire reference list, copy & paste the entire list here: Cross/Ref Simple Text Query.

A DOI can be searched or verified by entering the DOI number here: Cross/Ref DOI Resolver.

Materials originally published prior to the Internet, but now available online, may not have a DOI. When a DOI is not available, include the URL in its place.