Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

APA Citation Style, Seventh Edition: No Author

Sections 8.14, 9.12, 9.49

In General: 
 
  • When the author of a work is not known, move the the title of the work to the author position.
  • Only use "Anonymous" if the work is signed "Anonymous."  
  • A group (organization, association, or company) can serve as an author.  For such group authors, look under Books with One or Two Authors or Editors for an example. 
 
General Format 
 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Book Title [often shortened], Year)
     
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Book Title [often shortened], Year, Page Number)
 
      References:
Title of book. (Year)Publisher Name. https:// DOI OR https:// URL of article (if applicable) 
 
Example
 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (String of Pearls, 1850)
 
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (String of Pearls, 1850, pp. 457-462)
 
      References:
The string of pearls, or, the barber of Fleet Street: A domestic romance. (1850). E. Lloyd