- If you would like to cite a source you did not consult that is referenced in a source you did consult, only include the name of the original source author in your in-text citations
- When citing a source that is referenced in another source, only include the source you consulted in your reference list.
- It is always preferable to find, read, and cite the primary source directly, though this is not always possible.
In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):
Fong’s 1987 study (as cited in Bertram, 1996) found that older students’ memories can be as good as that of younger students, but this depends on how memory is tested.
Do not include Fong (1987) in your references; do include Bertram (1996).