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APA Citation Style, Seventh Edition: Secondary Sources

Section 8.6

In General: 

  • If you would like to cite a source you did not consult that is referenced in a source you did consult, only include the name of the original source author in your in-text citations
  • When citing a source that is referenced in another source, only include the source you consulted in your reference list.
  • It is always preferable to find, read, and cite the primary source directly, though this is not always possible. 
 
Example
 
        In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
Fong’s 1987 study (as cited in Bertram, 1996) found that older students’ memories can be as good as that of younger students, but this depends on how memory is tested.
 
         References:
         Do not include Fong (1987) in your references; do include Bertram (1996).