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APA Citation Style, Seventh Edition

Sections 9.8, 10.2

In General

  • If the book has editors, list their names followed by "(Ed.)" OR "(Eds.)"  in the reference entry. 
  • For a work with three or more authors, include only the name of the first author followed by "et al." in every in-text citation, including the first.


General Format

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
     (Author Surname et al., Year)
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Author Surname et al., Year, Page Number)
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., & Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Title of book. Publisher Name. https:// DOI OR https:// URL of book (if applicable) 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Spiers et al., 2014)
      In-Text Citation (Direct Quote):
      (Spiers et al., 2014, p. 878)
Spiers, E. M., Crang, J., & Strickland, M. (Eds.). (2014). A military history of Scotland. Edinburgh University Press.