Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

APA Citation Style, Seventh Edition: Books with Three to 20 Authors or Editors

Sections 9.8, 10.2

In General

  • If the book has editors, list their names followed by "(Ed.)" OR "(Eds.)"  in the reference entry. 
  • For a work with three or more authors, include only the name of the first author followed by "et al." in every in-text citation, including the first.


General Format

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
     (Author Surname et al., Year)
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Author Surname et al., Year, Page Number)
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., & Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Title of book. Publisher Name. https:// DOI OR https:// URL of book (if applicable) 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Spiers et al., 2014)
      In-Text Citation (Direct Quote):
      (Spiers et al., 2014, p. 878)
Spiers, E. M., Crang, J., & Strickland, M. (Eds.). (2014). A military history of Scotland. Edinburgh University Press.