Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

APA Citation Style, Seventh Edition: Webpages with No Date

Section 10.16

In General:
  • When the webpage you are citing does not indicate a date, use "n.d." instead of the year in both the in-text citations and reference entries.

 

General Format 
 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Author Surname, Year)
     
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Author Surname, Year, Page or Paragraph Number [if available])
 
      References:
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year, Month Day [if known]). Title of webpage. Site Name. https://URL OR Retrieved Month Day, Year, from https://URL
  
NOTE: Only include retrieval dates when the webpage you are citing is likely to change with time (e.g., Wikipedia articles).
 
 
Example 
 
       In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (The Cornell Lab, n.d.)
 
       In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (The Cornell Lab, n.d., para. 2)
     
     References:
The Cornell Lab. (n.d.). Citizen science. https://www.birds.cornell.edu/citizenscience/
 
NOTE: When the group author and the website name are the same, include only the author.