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APA Citation Style, Seventh Edition: Theses and Dissertations

Section 10.6

Doctoral dissertations and master's and undergraduate theses are generally divided into two categories: unpublished and published. Unpublished works are generally retrieved directly from the college or university in print form. Published works are generally available through databases (e.g., Theses Canada, Proquest Dissertation & Theses), a university archive (e.g., Open Uleth Scholarship), or a personal website. 

 

General Format: Unpublished Works  

       In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):
       (Author Surname, Year) 

       In-Text Citation (Quotation):
       (Author Surname, Year, Page Number) 

       References:

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Title of dissertation [Unpublished doctoral dissertation / master's thesis]. Name of Institution Awarding the Degree. 

 

General Format: Published Works  

       In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):
       (Author Surname, Year) 

       In-Text Citation (Quotation):
       (Author Surname, Year, Page Number) 

       References:

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Title of dissertation [Doctoral dissertation / Master's thesis, Name of Institution Awarding the Degree]. Name of Database or Archive. https://URL of dissertation/thesis 

 

Example 

       In-Text Citation: 
       (Lorne, 2019)

       In-Text Citation (Quotation):
       (Lorne, 2019, p. x) 

       References:

Lorne, Z. M. (2019). The construction and regulation of gendered crime in Scottish witchcraft cases: 1560-1661 [Master's thesis, University of Lethbridge]. OPUS: Open Uleth Scholarship. https://hdl.handle.net/10133/5527