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APA Citation Style, Seventh Edition: Emails

8.9 (p. 260)

In General:
  • Only include the sender's name and the date of the communication in your in-text citations.
  • Emails are not included in the reference list because they are not recoverable by the reader.

 

General Format 
 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
(Sender First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, personal communication, Month Day, Year)
     
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Sender First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, personal communication, Month Day, Year)
 
      References:
      Not included.
  
Example
 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
(L. Hatcher, personal communication, March 27, 2009)
 
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(L. Hatcher, personal communication, March 27, 2009)
 
      References:
      Not included.